Synonymy: Quercus rubra L. var. rubra; Quercus rubra L. var. borealis (Michaux f.) Farw.; Quercus ambigua Michaux f.; Quercus borealis Michaux f.; Quercus rubra L. var. ambigua (Michaux f.) Houba; Quercus borealis Michaux var. maximum (Marshall) Sarg.
Lower Taxa: current listings provide no lower taxa
Origin: Native, eastern North America
Habit: Dedicuous broadleaf tree; >100′ tall
Habitat: Upland forests, not found in Pine Barrens
Range: Western New Jersey counties; VR, H, P, CP-N and S
Frequency: Common north, less frequent into Coastal Plain into Salem and Cumberland Counties
Rank/Status: G5, S4/5; none
Wetland Status: FACU
Flowering & Reproduction: April, acorns mature September to October
Comments: Red oak is our state tree. The species is frequent on the Northern Physiographic provinces of Valley and Ridge, Highlands and Peidmont but less so on the southern Inner Coastal Plain. Native populations have been observed recently in BUrlington, MOnmouth, Camden, Gloucester, Salem and Cumberland Counties. The tree has been planted throughout the state and can be expected in all 21 counties.
Reference Specimen: (to be added)